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                            蘇州非物質文化遺產信息網 >?國家級名錄 >?蘇州第一批國家級非遺代表作名錄  
                          玄妙觀道教音樂
                          作者:佚名   文章來源:本站原創   點擊數:10408   添加時間:2008-05-19  
                          類別 民間音樂 編號
                          Ⅱ—68

                              以玄妙觀齋醮音樂為代表的蘇州道教音樂,歷史可追溯至西晉,屬于正一派。它繼承了古代“巫以歌舞降神,祝以言辭禱神”的傳統,吸取了帝王廟堂儀典音樂、祀禮音樂等成分,還受到堂名音樂、江南絲竹、昆曲、吳歌等吳地文化的熏陶,形成了獨樹一幟的風格,深受群眾歡迎,活動十分繁盛。明末清初,施亮生真人輯成的《齋天》等科書和嘉慶年間道士曹希圣重訂的《鈞天妙樂》,至今仍是玄妙觀從事齋醮法事的規范。

                              蘇州道教音樂與齋醮法事的演道過程是渾為一體的整體藝術。它包括器樂和聲樂兩大部分。器樂,主要有笛曲、鼓段和由兩者連綴而成的套曲。演奏方式有“坐奏”、“行樂”。聲樂,為道教的經韻,有旋律的為“韻腔”,包括“贊”、“頌”、“偈”、“誥”、“咒”、“符”等諸種形式。

                              蘇州道教音樂歷史悠久,具有文化上的歷史見證價值。其結構的完整、對比強烈、表現力多樣豐富以及音樂語匯風格的民族性、典型性與統一性,具有高度的藝術價值。對社會生活有廣泛影響,一些重大醮事活動,已是群眾從事經濟、文化、娛樂等社會活動的節日,為人們帶來了生活的調節、精神的愉悅和心理的滿足。也是民俗學研究的重要內容。

                              隨著道教活動的衰微,外來文化的沖擊、現代生活節奏的加快、傳統節俗民俗在生活中的淡化和觀念的變化,技藝的青黃不接和傳承主體的缺失造成人才的斷層,目前蘇州道教音樂的搶救、保護工作,形勢嚴峻。

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